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Why should you maintain a cap table for venture capitalists?

A capitalization table or cap table is a spreadsheet that summarizes the various investments and stakeholders in your company. If you’re an entrepreneur, you should be using a cap table to organize your business’ finances, track your company’s ownership structure, and accurately report to investors and potential acquirers. The cap table's purpose is to securely store data on investment and ownership, including common shares, preferred shares, warrants, stakeholders, and the price paid by the investors for these securities. While venture capitalists and other investors may be interested in a condensed overview of your cap table. Hence it’s a good idea to be as precise as possible with your cap table and to update it regularly. In this article, you’ll learn why maintaining a cap table is important, along with a brief about venture capitalists and cap tables.

Cap table for venture capitalists

Who are venture capitalists?

Venture capitalists (VCs) are people who invest in early-stage, high-risk ventures that can potentially generate huge returns. They’re typically wealthy individuals with connections to the financial and business worlds, and they can help entrepreneurs achieve their financial goals. Venture capitalists pool their resources together and invest in promising early-stage companies in exchange for equity ownership. They invest in startups based on their potential, business model, management team, and market demand.

The capital invested by venture capitalists allows companies to continue growing and generate revenues and is known as venture capital. The VC-company relationship is the heart of the venture capital industry and the majority of firms have only one or two venture capitalists as partners, who are the primary investors. It’s reasonable to assume that venture capitalists will want to ensure their investments are properly documented and stored. Thus, having a cap table enables entrepreneurs to map out the ownership, security, and investment values.

How do venture capitalists help grow a company?

The process of raising capital for startups has become easier with the advent of venture capitalists. Venture capitalists can provide a lot of value to startups beyond just financial backing. Following are some of the ways in which venture capitalists can help your startup succeed:

  • Venture capitalists can provide much-needed guidance to startups, especially when the business is beginning. VCs offer advice on growing sales, managing production, and engaging staff. It’s important to remember that a startup’s success hinges on its ability to generate revenue; venture capitalists can assist the company in this regard.

  • The partnership of venture capitalists with a startup can be very instrumental in helping ensure its long-term success. As partners, VCs work with the founders and are involved in all key decisions concerning the business. As such, the VC can work closely with the entrepreneurs during the startup business process.

  • Having venture capitalists on the startup’s board provides it with a range of important contacts. VCs can help connect a startup to their network of contacts, thereby increasing the opportunities for it to expand. Moreover, VCs can help startups improve their financial and business management skills in order to become better long-term partners.

  • Venture capitalists invest in a startup because of the potential for high returns. The VCs can invest a lot of money in a company, and that provides it with working capital to further develop its product or service. Moreover, once the startup has received VC funding, it has the opportunity to raise additional funds from other sources, such as angel investors and business loans.

  • The investment in a startup by a venture capitalist is made with the goal of making money. Over time, the value of the business will increase, and it should be possible to either sell the startup to another firm or exit the business. Venture capitalists can assist a startup in exploring the potential for an exit strategy.

  • Therefore, it is evident that venture capitalists can greatly help a startup's growth process. Hence, entrepreneurs or business owners need to ensure their cap table for venture capitalists is always ready and updated.

What do venture capitalists require to get interested in your company?

The cap table is a crucial component of your business plan, which is essentially a representation of the economic interests of your company. Whenever entrepreneurs are looking for venture capitalists, they have to develop a pitch deck that includes graphs and charts describing their business and its competitive environment. The cap table is one of the key components of the pitch deck. When an entrepreneur approaches venture capitalists, they have to be prepared with a cap table, financial model, business plan, and a prototype of their product or service, which they can demonstrate to the VC. Venture capitalists are always looking for practical and tangible evidence, that they can use to determine a company’s potential. It’s important to note that the cap table provides VCs with useful information regarding your company’s ownership structure, financials, and stakeholders, which enables them to decide whether or not to invest in your company.

Cap table for venture capitalists

The cap table for venture capitalists is an important tool for communicating a company's financial details to venture capitalists. It outlines the company’s ownership structure enabling them to see the relative ownership of the firm. When a venture capitalist is assessing a startup, they may look at the cap table to determine ownership and thus make the decision to invest accordingly. A cap table, presentations, and pitches to potential investors can help a startup raise VC funding. To ensure the cap table is updated, it’s important to review the information on the latest financial statements of your company. Thus, regular monitoring of the cap table is important for entrepreneurs.

Why should companies maintain a cap table for venture capitalists?

A cap table can be a critical tool required by VCs to evaluate a business. It enables them to review a company’s financial position, including the ownership structure, the value of the equity, and funding rounds. Here are a few reasons to maintain a cap table for venture capitalists:

  • A cap table provides VCs with a high-level summary of a business's ownership and financial structure. As such, it should be updated whenever there are changes in the ownership or financing structure of the firm.

  • The cap table can be used to market a business and attract VCs. When pitching to VCs, entrepreneurs have an opportunity to explain their business model and its financial viability. This is where a detailed cap table comes into play, as it provides VCs with relevant information regarding financial facts like the value of equity, valuation, and ownership distribution.

  • Dilution of equity can be minimized by maintaining a cap table. Using the cap table, VCs can determine how diluted the equity is by other participants. This can be helpful to VCs in ensuring that your equity remains intact, especially if you plan to raise additional funds from them.

  • In general, 409A valuation can be performed with the help of a cap table. The 409a valuation is an assessment of a firm’s stock options which can be used to determine its fair market value.

  • Legal ownership and tax compliance can be supported by maintaining an updated cap table. A cap table can be used to document the ownership of equity, maintain accurate accounting records, and transfer shares from one entity to another.

Therefore, this signifies that a cap table for venture capitalists is an important document that can be used to increase the company’s chances of securing funding from a VC. The importance of cap table management for VCs can be seen with the growing need for it in the startup ecosystem. To ensure success and attract venture capitalists, entrepreneurs must consider having their cap table in order at all times.

How to maintain a cap table for venture capitalists?

After every funding round, the company must prepare a cap table that describes how ownership is distributed. This can be achieved by measuring the value of equity and dilution after the latest funding round. To help potential investors, it’s important to present a cap table that shows clearly the ownership of your company after each funding round. Following are the steps required to maintain a cap table for venture capitalists:

  • The valuation and price per share must be updated on the cap table.

  • All new investors must be added to your cap table.

  • The type of security allocated to each investor must be updated on the cap table. (For instance, Series A funding round)

  • Employee option grants and warrants may be captured on the cap table regardless of their allocation.

  • The amount of debt that has converted to equity must be updated on the cap table.

  • Thus, a cap table for venture capitalists helps investors understand the financial state of a company, especially after each funding round. The more detailed the cap table is, the more accurate it can be.

Why digitize your cap table?

Cap tables are usually maintained in a written format by an advisor or professional. However, the advent of digitization has created a need for more efficient processes to manage cap tables. With the advancement of technology, capturing cap tables digitally is becoming easier and more convenient. Take, for instance, the process of calculating dilution after each funding round. This is an arduous and repetitive task that can be time-consuming and error-prone as it needs to be performed manually in a spreadsheet. However, technology has simplified these processes and enabled the use of software to automate the cap table management process. Thus, automating the process of maintaining a cap table can help startups save time and money.

How can cap table management software help?

Cap table management software has the potential to simplify and automate the cap table management process. When using management software, cap table maintenance is performed with the help of data entry and prompts. This eliminates the need to enter information manually into a spreadsheet as data is entered once and then can be used to create multiple reports. The software can be used to automate data analysis by pulling results from the backend database and displaying them automatically in the front-end software. Moreover, the software can help reduce errors in cap table management by recording all information when it's entered into the system. This can help solve the vulnerability of human errors, which make cap tables prone to mistakes. As a result, cap table management software can be used to help create accurate and efficient cap tables.


To sum up, maintaining a cap table for venture capitalists is an important aspect of raising VC funding. The cap table can be used to inform venture capitalists about a startup's financial structure and ownership. As a result, it can help secure funding and raise capital by providing relevant information regarding the business model and its financial health. Using cap table management software is another convenient way to keep track of the ownership of equity and dilution after each funding round. The software can help automate the cap table management processes, reduce manual errors and enable data analysis. Thus, in order to raise VC funding and secure investments, entrepreneurs should ensure that the cap table is maintained with diligence and reliability.